Wisdom teeth are usually the last teeth to fall out, and they usually develop in late teens or early twenties. A full set of wisdom teeth includes four molars, at the back of the mouth, although it is also normal for people to have less than four wisdom teeth or even none at all.
At times, wisdom teeth can create complications, such as impaction and overcrowding of teeth. In such cases, a visit to the dentist may be required. The dentist will most likely extract your wisdom teeth in order to alleviate you from the pain.
Impaction occurs when the wisdom tooth grows out at an angle, thereby pushing further into the neighboring tooth and even the gum in their respective places. Impaction can be very painful, not to mention the inconvenience it creates when you wish to maintain a healthy oral hygiene. Impaction can make brushing and flossing difficult, and as bacteria build up, can cause cavities and gum inflammation.
Overcrowding, on the other hand, usually occurs in the upper wisdom teeth, and is characterized by the overlapping of teeth, pushing together the remaining upper teeth. The overlapping of teeth increases one’s risk of cheek ulcers, and could even lead to oral cancer.
Due to the high probability of experiencing discomfort from troubling wisdom teeth, it is important for everyone to be aware of the symptoms that accompany an infectious wisdom tooth. Common symptoms include red and swollen gum near the wisdom tooth, pus coming from the gum, pain, fever, difficulty in opening and closing the mouth without feeling pain, and a swelling of the lymph nodes right below the jaw. Although the symptoms of infected wisdom teeth can be treated by the administration of antibiotics, there is still a likelihood of the infection returning unless the source of the infection – the wisdom tooth or teeth – is removed.
Wisdom tooth extraction is a very common, safe and well-established procedure. If you opt for this treatment, you may be given a general anesthetic in order to make the procedure as painless as possible. Wisdom teeth are generally larger than other teeth, which is why the hole at the site of extraction will be big enough to require stitches. Your gum may feel tender, swollen and even bleed in the few days after the procedure. If, however, you experience unusual bad breath and ache at the site of extraction, you may be subject to a dry socket. In this case, it is advised that you inform your dentist right away for adequate treatment. Remember, it is always a good idea to detect wisdom teeth issues at the earliest possible time before the teeth form strong roots, thereby, enabling the extraction process to be more painful.